4.2.6.9 Summary of Group VI discussion

This discussion on the whole displays a mixture of competitive and non-co-operative features. There are few co-operative features in the discussion. Competitive aspects include the unequal lengths of time for which speakers hold the floor, questions being used to challenge or extend the speaker's turn, one speaker modifying the lexical choices of the previous speaker, and the instance of interruption and two instances of overlap to acquire the floor. The interruption rate is not high, however.

Non-co-operative aspects include the very long turns, the relatively low frequency of back channel support items, and also of epistemic modal forms and hedges, the absence of overlapping and simultaneous speech, and the low quantity of lexical repetitions.

There are co-operative aspects to the discussion. For example, in comparison to the rest of the group, B9 uses relatively frequent back channel support. Consensus is reached on most areas under discussion. Thus the discussion is not solely competitive.

G11 uses competitive and non-co-operative features. She talks considerably more than other group members, taking much longer turns, which is competitive. She gives little back channel support, uses very few hedges or epistemic modal forms, does not overlap other speakers, repeat their lexis, or use simultaneous speech, which are non-co-operative features. She develops her ideas independently of, and sometimes in opposition to, other group members. G12 uses mainly non-co-operative features. She gives no back channel support, she does not overlap other speakers, or use simultaneous speech; she repeats others' lexis on only one occasion. Like G11, she develops her ideas independently of the other group members, rather than sharing their production. She is however, relatively co-operative in her use of hedges, compared to other members of the group.


Back to Abstract and Contents Page