CHAPTER 4 - The detailed analyses of the transcripts contained within Chapter 4

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DATA ANALYSIS I : THE CLASSROOM DISCUSSIONS 136

4.1 INTRODUCTORY 136

4.2 ANALYSES OF THE SEVEN DISCUSSIONS 137

4.2.1 Group I 137

4.2.1.1 Floor apportionment 139

4.2.1.2 Back channel support 140

4.2.1.3 Questions and tag questions 141

4.2.1.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 142

4.2.1.5 Topic development 145

4.2.1.6 Lexical repetition 146

4.2.1.7 Interruptions and overlap 147

4.2.1.8 Simultaneous speech 148

4.2.1.9 Summary of Group I discussion 149

4.2.2 Group II 151

4.2.2.1 Floor apportionment 151

4.2.2.2 Back channel support 152

4.2.2.3 Questions and tag questions 153

4.2.2.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 153

4.2.2.5 Topic development 153

4.2.2.6 Lexical repetition 154

4.2.2.7 Interruptions and overlap 154

4.2.2.8 Simultaneous speech 155

4.2.2.9 Summary of Group II discussion 155

4.2.3 Group III 156

4.2.3.1 Floor apportionment 156

4.2.3.2 Back channel support 157

4.2.3.3 Questions and tag questions 158

4.2.3.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 159

4.2.3.5 Topic development 160

4.2.3.6 Lexical repetition 161

4.2.3.7 Interruptions and overlap 163

4.2.3.8 Simultaneous speech 164

4.2.3.9 Summary of Group III discussion 164

4.2.4 Group IV 165

4.2.4.1 Floor apportionment 165

4.2.4.2 Back channel support 166

4.2.4.3 Questions and tag questions 167

4.2.4.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 169

4.2.4.5 Topic development 171

4.2.4.6 Lexical repetition 173

4.2.4.7 Interruptions and overlap 174

4.2.4.8 Simultaneous speech 176

4.2.4.9 Summary of Group IV discussion 176

4.2.5 Group V 177

4.2.5.1 Floor apportionment 178

4.2.5.2 Back channel support 179

4.2.5.3 Questions and tag questions 179

4.2.5.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 179

4.2.5.5 Topic development 180

4.2.5.6 Lexical repetition 182

4.2.5.7 Interruptions and overlap 182

4.2.5.8 Simultaneous speech 183

4.2.5.9 Summary of Group V discussion 183

4.2.6 Group VI 184

4.2.6.1 Floor apportionment 184

4.2.6.2 Back channel support 185

4.2.6.3 Questions and tag questions 186

4.2.6.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 188

4.2.6.5 Topic development 189

4.2.6.6 Lexical repetition 190

4.2.6.7 Interruptions and overlap 191

4.2.6.8 Simultaneous speech192

4.2.6.9 Summary of Group VI discussion192

4.2.7 Group VII 193

4.2.7.1 Floor apportionment 193

4.2.7.2 Back channel support 194

4.2.7.3 Questions and tag questions 195

4.2.7.4 Epistemic modality and hedging 198

4.2.7.5 Topic development 201

4.2.7.6 Lexical repetition 204

4.2.7.7 Interruptions and overlap 205

4.2.7.8 Simultaneous speech 208

4.2.7.9 Summary of Group VII discussion 208

4.3 OVERVIEW OF DISCUSSIONS 209

4.3.1 Floor Apportionment 209

4.3.1.1 The distribution of the floor in mixed-sex groups 209

4.3.1.2 The distribution of the floor in single-sex groups 210

4.3.1.3 The influence of verbosity on the grades awarded by the S.E.B. 211

4.3.2 Back Channel Support 213

4.3.3 Questions and Tag Questions 216

4.3.4 Epistemic Modality and Hedging 216

4.3.5 Topic Development 217

4.3.6 Lexical Repetition 218

4.3.7 Interruption and Overlap 219

4.3.8 Simultaneous Speech 220

4.4 SUMMARY 220

4.4.1. The Classification of Discussion Styles 220

4.4.2. Gender Differences 221

4.4.3. The Significance of the Addressee 222

4.4.4. Mixed-Sex and Single-Sex Groups 223

4.4.5. The Influence of Speech Style on Assessment 224


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