Headword
Specific languages – Scots, Polish, Panjabi, etc.
Level
SG/HS
Language
English
Topic
Sociolinguistics
Definition
An individual or specific language is usually made up of mutually-intelligible dialects, and might have a standard written variety. Specific languages are not usually mutually intelligible, although as in most linguistic topics, this is a matter of degree. Spanish and Portuguese are mutually intelligible to some extent. The attribution of the label ‘language’ occurs as much for socio-cultural as linguistic reasons, which is why there is a debate about whether Scots, for example, is a language or a dialect.
Notes
Compare
Concept
See also
Dialect, Language