Unit 9: More About Clauses: 9.5 Indirect subordination

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Sometimes subordination involves items at different levels on the Rank Scale. This is known as INDIRECT SUBORDINATION or RANK SHIFT ( [ ] ). Sometimes rank shift occurs within words, as in (13a) and (13b), where a PP is subordinated within a word, or (13c), where the subordinated element is a clause.


13a.

toad
N
M

PP

(in the hole)

13b.

Stratford
N
M

PP

(upon Avon)

13c.
M
SCl [
RCl

do it yourself

]

job
N