Paradigms: Adjectives

*93. OE adjectives, like nouns, have inflexions to indicate Gender, Number and Case. Because of Agreement, the form of the adjective depends on the form of the noun which it modifies.

*94. There are two major adjectival paradigms, strong and weak. Determining which paradigm to use depends on the relationship between the adjective and other words.

*95. Two paradigms for a model adjective, gōd/gōda GOOD, follow here. It may be noted that many of the endings of the strong and weak adjectives are identical with those of the strong and weak nouns; however, a few (eg. -um) do indicate different functions from those which might be expected in noun paradigms.

**96. Weak paradigm
gōda GOOD

NumberSgPl
GenderMascFemNeutAll Genders
Case
Nomgōdagōdegōdegōdan
Accgōdangōdangōdegōdan
Gengōdangōdangōdangōdra/gōdena
Datgōdangōdangōdangōdum

 

**97. Strong paradigm
gōd GOOD

NumberSgPl
GenderMascFemNeutMascFemNeut
Case
Nomgōdgōdgōdgōdegōdegōd
Accgōdnegōdegōdgōdegōdegōd
Gengōdesgōdregōdesgōdragōdragōdra
Datgōdumgōdregōdumgōdumgōdumgōdum

Most adjectives behave like gōd. The main group of exceptions consist of adjectives like cwic ALIVE, which differ from gōd in the Strong Nom Sg and Pl, thus:

Sg:
Masc cwic, Fem cwicu, Neut cwic
Pl:
Masc cwice, Fem cwice/-a, Neut cwicu